How to Write a Literature Review — Psychology In Action

 

literature review psychology

May 04,  · What the heck is a literature review? This is the thought that went through my head the first time I sat down to write one. I was confused about how it differed from annotated bibliography, and I didn’t know what features separated a well-written one from one that was poorly developed. Over time, IAuthor: Timothy Williamson. Author: Patricia Loesche. A literature review has organizational pattern and combines summary and synthesis. Seek clarification from your instructor, for instance, on the number and types of sources to be included. Read on for more tips on how to write a literature review.


How to Write a Literature Review in Psychology


What the heck is a literature review? This is literature review psychology thought that went through my head the first time I sat down to write one.

Over time, I gained a better understanding of what lit reviews were and I developed a set of skills that helped me to write them more efficiently. In this blog post, I will discuss some ways that you can write a literature review in an organized and efficient manner. What is a literature review? As I conceive it, a literature review incorporates a critical analysis of the relationship literature review psychology several different sources including empirical research articles, meta-analyses, reviews, book chapters, and perhaps even dissertations.

The key idea here is the relationship. In fact, an annotated bibliography also describes, summarizes, and evaluates previous research, but it is the literature review which expands upon how each of those studies relate to each other. Lit reviews are usually focused on a specific topic of interest, often times leading to a research question. For the sake of this blog post, I will focus on how to write literature reviews that serve as the introduction for an empirical research paper rather than how to write a lit review to be a paper in and of itself.

However, many of the ideas that I share in this post can most certainly be applied to both types of reviews. What is the issue you want to examine? In other words, what is your research question? It is important to keep your research question fluid, because writing a literature review is often an iterative process. It may be difficult to develop a research literature review psychology without first reviewing what other researchers have done in your area, and your question may be further developed upon discovering new and exciting research in your field.

Chances are nobody has asked the exact research question you plan on investigating and this is a good thing when trying to create a research space for yourselfso it may be difficult to find many studies that are directly related to your exact topic of interest.

Thus, literature review psychology, I suggest breaking down your research question as much as possible to examine all of its component parts. This will help you when you start the search for research articles.

This is the bread and butter to any literature review. A study can only be incorporated into your review if it is first searched for and found within a database. I recommend familiarizing yourself with online databases such as PSYCinfo, literature review psychology, PubMed, Google Scholar, and any other databases relevant to your research area. Many of these databases have built-in tools that are useful during the literature search process.

Some will recommend starting your search broadly and narrowing in slowly and others may recommend starting very focused and broadening out gradually. I think that both are useful when developing a good lit review. Starting your search broadly will help you find valuable meta-analyses and review articles which may contain a slew of research articles related to your topic of interest.

On the other hand, broad searches may yield vast amounts of studies that may or may not be related to your research question, and it may be difficult to parse which ones are the most valuable. Is the research objective? Does it make a valuable contribution to the knowledge in your field? What are its strengths and its limitations? Keep in mind that your literature review is often conceptualized as the foundation to your own empirical work. When selecting which studies to include in your lit review, you are essentially literature review psychology your work upon the studies you select.

You may also realize systematic gaps in the literature which may be helpful when further crafting your research question. In such a table, each study is represented by a separate row, and each column represents a different aspect of the study e.

I will often group articles together by topic to keep similar studies together, literature review psychology.

This is helpful since you will most likely be grouping similar areas of research together when it comes time to write the lit review. A logical literature review will flow with good clarity if you have a coherent structure of arguments for all of your sources to fit into. This structure will both be informed and supported by all the papers you select to be in the lit review. The arguments should gradually become narrower throughout the progression of the lit review, eventually arriving at your research question.

A good structure of arguments will also help with creating smooth transitions literature review psychology one section to another. If there is a logical progression from one sub-area of research to the next, then the transition will be smoother. Provide the reader with context of each article, literature review psychology, and emphasize how each study fits within the scope of your own research.

Keep in mind that these steps are all iterative, and you will most likely literature review psychology through many or all of these steps in a cyclical manner. Even after writing a first, second, or maybe even tenth draft of your lit review, you may need to go back literature review psychology any one of these pre-writing steps to progress your paper.

Also, many eyes on the paper are usually a good thing! Lastly, writing is a process that varies by individual—no one method will work for everyone. These steps have worked well for me, but I encourage you to try many different methods and find what works best for you.

References: Galvan, J. Writing literature reviews: a guide for students of the behavioral sciences 3rd ed. Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Publishing, literature review psychology. Psychology In Action. How to Write a Literature Review, literature review psychology. Problem Formation What is the issue you want to examine? Literature Search This is the bread and butter to any literature review.

General Psychology Timothy Williamson May 4, data evaluationlit reviewliterature reviewliterature search literature review psychology, organizationoutlinepre-writingproblem formationwriting in psychologywriting process Comment. Facebook 0 Twitter Pinterest 0 0 Likes. Bye May 6, crime, criminal, criminality, culpability, literature review psychology, guilt, guilty, guilty mind, law, legal, mens rea, literature review psychology, neuroimaging, Psychology Interdisciplinary Events, social psychology, symposium.

Psychology Classics, Social Psychology H. Wenwen Ni April 29, milgram, obedience, small world problem, social networks, literature review psychology, social norms.

 

Psychology Literature Review

 

literature review psychology

 

Sep 29,  · How to Write a Literature Review in Psychology This post presents a set of principles on what makes a good literature review. The principles aim to assist students who are writing a literature review. Researchers preparing an academic publication may also find them a useful refresher. The principles pertain to dedicated literature reviews and. A literature review has organizational pattern and combines summary and synthesis. Seek clarification from your instructor, for instance, on the number and types of sources to be included. Read on for more tips on how to write a literature review. May 04,  · What the heck is a literature review? This is the thought that went through my head the first time I sat down to write one. I was confused about how it differed from annotated bibliography, and I didn’t know what features separated a well-written one from one that was poorly developed. Over time, IAuthor: Timothy Williamson.